Afghan Culture Online

Lesson 1: History of Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • The History of Afghanistan
  • Famous People and Places in Kandahar and Helmand Provinces
  • Pashtunwali code: Jirga
  • Basic Greetings

Lesson 2: Weather & Geography

This presentation covers:

  • Afghanistan's Geography
  • Afghanistan's Weather
  • Pashtunwali code: Badal
  • Language
  • Introduction to Pashto script

Lesson 3: Family Structure

This presentation covers:

  • Pashtu naming traditions
  • Divorce
  • Orphans
  • Multiple wives
  • The pashtunwali code of melmastya,

or hospitality

Lesson 4: Religion in Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • An introduction to Islam
  • The 5 pillars of Islam
  • The Pashtunwali code of Nanawatey, or sanctuary.

Lesson 5: More about Religion in Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • Differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims
  • Prayer and relevant religious practices
  • Diet in Islam
  • The role of the village Mullah
  • The Pashtunwali code of Tor, or accusation

Lesson 6: Weddings in Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • Traditions surrounding arranged marriages
  • A wedding in Afgrahistan
  • The Pashtunwali code of Nang, or honor

Lesson 7: The Government in Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • The structure of Federal and local Government
  • The Pashtunwali code of Namus, or honor of women or hospitality

Lesson 8: The Tribes of Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • The 5 major tribes in Afghanistan
  • The code of Zhaba or verbal promise

Lesson 9: The Economy of Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • The economy of Afghanistan
  • Black market economies
  • The code of Zmaka, or land

Lesson 10: Poppies in Afghanistan

This presentation covers:

  • Poverty, poppy, and addiction
  • Afghan superstitions and folklore

Lesson 11: Education

This presentation looks at schooling and education in Afghanistan.

  • Traditional Schooling
  • Islamic Education
  • Modern Schooling

Lesson 12: Taliban

This presentation looks at the Taliban and reviews the Pashtu Codes of Honor we've discussed so far.

  • Taliban
  • Afghan Family
  • Village Social Strata
  • Naming Structure
  • Life Cycle
  • Popular Culture - Tolo TV

Lesson 13: Crime

This presentation looks at crime, justice,and corruption in Afghanistan from three different perspectives.

  • Afghan Perspective
  • Islamic Perspective
  • Moderate Afghan Perspective

Lesson 14: Agriculture

This presentation looks at crime, justice,and corruption in Afghanistan from three different perspectives.

  • Agriculture: tools, irrigation, storage, and products
  • Poppy vs. Wheat
  • Forestry: types, deforestation, illegal logging
  • Livestock: common types, issues
  • Current Events: bank crisis, elections, Eid

Lesson 15: Commerce, Trade and Business

This presentation looks at commerce, trade, and business.

  • The silk road
  • 21st Century Commerce
  • Investments
  • Customs, Borders, & Trade Agreements
  • Current Events

Lesson 16: Music

This presentation focuses on the music of Afghanistan.

  • Music in Afghan Society
  • Types of Music
  • Musical Instruments
  • Dance and Poetry in Music
  • Current Events

Lesson 17: Kandahar 101

This presentation focuses on the Kandahar province.

  • Know the geographic location, neighbors, and resources
  • Major districts in Kandahar
  • Key tribes and influential members
  • The history of Kandahar City
  • Legal and illegal economic activities
  • Current issues in Kandahar

Lesson 18: Helmand 101

This presentation focuses on the Helmand province.

  • Know the geographic location, neighbors, and resources
  • Major districts in Helmand
  • Key tribes and influential members
  • Legal and illegal economic activities
  • Current issues surrounding education and developments in peace and security

Lesson 19: Communication

This presentation focuses on how Afghans communicate

  • Understand the different modes of communication, phones, Internet, and face-to-face
  • Identify challenges to growth and modernization
  • Recognize standard letters of introductions
  • Identify insurgent's modes of communication
  • Learn common greeting and farewell phrases and non-verbal actions

Lesson 20: Afghanistan – Pakistan border

  • Border geography, history, and current climate
  • 3 main border areas
  • Geopolicital
  • Border culture, trade, and tension
  • Current Events: Un-Islamic programs and TV

Lesson 21: Culture in the Field

  • Review Pashtunwali codes of honor
  • Discuss cultural factors that affect a given situation
  • Discuss the options for decision-making
  • Discuss the consequences

Lesson 22: ANA and ANP

Afghan National Army (ANA) & Afghan National Police (ANP)

  • History
  • Structure
  • Training
  • Recruitment
  • Challenges
  • Future